Processes

Traditional silver printing:

All prints are hand-made in the traditional darkroom by Tim Rudman, using silver gelatin papers processed to the highest current archival standards.
Prints are toned using archival toners based on selenium, gold and sulphur ('sepia')  for both aesthetic effects and improved archival permanence.
Prints toned with non-archival toners, based on iron, copper, titanium and vanadium are therfore not routinely offered for sale, but enquiries  for these prints are welcome.

 

Lith printing:

Not to be confused with lithography or with the use of high contrast graphic arts film, Lith prints are also made from conventional negative material exposed onto Black & White silver gelatin papers, but using specialised developer and technique. This process is a flexible, creative and interpretive one, but also time consuming and can be fickle. Results can vary greatly with technique and with the paper's emulsion, each having its own distinctive properties. Many papers suited to this process are no longer made and  prints made on these papers will now only be available in very small numbers until deep frozen stocks have been exhausted or have deteriorated. Lith prints on current materials have their own distinctive and different look.

 

Toning:

Neutral and cold tone Black & White images are toned for greater permanence and tonal enrichment (deeper blacks and enhanced luminosity) and generally with minimal colour shift. Warm tone and other coloured images are toned for interpretive reasons of mood, atmosphere, depth or abstraction. Lith prints, which are naturally 'coloured', are toned for the same reasons to produce either subtle or major colour shifts as well as for archival permanence.

 

Film stock:

Both conventional panchromatic and infra-red silver-based film is used in various formats. Infra-red film also records light wavelengths in the near  infra-red part of the spectrum that are invisible to the human eye. This produces imagery that appears surreal to us and these negatives are especially suitable for the delicate interpretations that are achievable with lith printing.

 



 
 

Editions

Open edition prints:

Note: Some open edition prints on discontinued papers are very restricted in number.
All silver gelatin prints are personally hand-made and toned as described above ('Processes'). Printed on 16 x 12 and 20 x 16 inch paper they are presented signed on the front and signed and detailed on verso and accompanied by a certificate of authenticity.
Mounting is available as described below.

 

Limited edition prints:  

Selected images are available as 16 x 12 & 20 x 16 inch prints in limited editions of just 25 with up to 5 artist's proofs. These prints are available either in archival sleeves ready for matting, or window matted with archival board to 20 x 16 &  24 x 20 inches, or larger if required. Many low numbers are still available.

 

Special editions: 

Occasional limited editions may be made in a smaller size. These silver gelatin prints are hand printed and toned to the same exacting standards as the larger prints. They offer a unique opportunity to collect or to give exquisite fine prints by an established master of the medium at more affordable prices. Special editions are only available directly from the photographer. Details will be announced on this website and via the mailing list from time to time.

 

Pre-release offers: 

New images are occasionally offered in small numbers as time-limited pre-release offers through my mailing list newsletters and on the special offers page. These offers are open to all, but are primarily designed to assist early would-be collectors. They offer very substantial discounts on typical prices.

 

Mounting options:

Unless otherwise requested, mounted prints are mounted with archival corners and edge holders or archival tape hinges onto a 1400 micron conservation back board and over matted with a hinged window matt of 1400 or 2000 micron conservation board. This allows easy removal if the mount becomes damaged or is replaced for any reason. Dry mounting is available if preferred.

All prints are accompanied by a certificate of authenticity and advice concerning safe storage and framing.

Prints are signed below the image in pencil or archival, acid-free, paper-safe carbon ink, depending on the print surface. Prints are signed and detailed in pencil on verso.

 



 
 

Taking care of your print

 


These hand crafted prints have been made on traditional silver gelatin fibre-based paper and have been processed to the highest archival standards to maximise their longevity.
 
Post-processing procedures, either for aesthetic reasons and/or to further increase longevity and protect against atmospheric or storage pollutants, will have included toning with one or more of the following archival toners - Selenium, Gold, Sulphides (various) or Polysulphides – or treated with Sistan, an archival after-treatment that does not alter print colour.
These are the most effective archival treatments known and, providing suitable care is taken, will ensure a print lifespan exceeding 100 years.
 
Only acid and lignin-free buffered or rag conservation board is used for mounting and matting.
 

To protect your investment, the following suggestions may help to preserve your artwork safely with a long life:
 
 
Silver, the basic constituent of a traditionally crafted black and white photographic print, is a noble metal, but may never the less be subject to attack by various chemical substances. This attack may come either from residual traces of fixer products left in the paper through bad fixing practice or poor washing (not applicable to these prints), or it may come from a variety of atmospheric gases, notably nitrogen and sulphur dioxides and ozone. Some common sources of these include photocopiers, laser printers and vehicle emissions.
Global pollution is at the highest level in history and is still rising.
 
In addition to this, lignin from wood pulp, and other harmful acidic substances and gases are released from storage boxes, wood, paints and varnishes, or even paper and card used in some albums employed to keep the pictures safe.
 
Finally of course, the effect of light itself can be harmful, particularly high energy UV light, as is present in direct bright sunlight.
 
The long term result of these could be a deterioration of the photographic image by fading, discolouration (yellowing) and ‘mirroring’, otherwise described as silvering or bronzing. This is often seen in old family photos that were not archivally processed or stored.
 
This print has been crafted to receive the best possible protection against these harmful forces, but care now in handing, storage and display is important:
 
-           Storage should ideally be in containers free of wood products, acids, glues, paints or varnish.
 
-           Display should ideally be framed, with acid/lignin-free materials and under UV glass, out of bright sunlight and away from photocopiers etc.
 
-           When cleaning, do not spray glass cleaner directly on the glass as it might seep into the picture space. Use cleaner applied sparingly to a cloth.
 
-           Avoid hanging your print in areas with wide temperature variations, or high humidity.
 
 
A Certificate of Authenticity is provided.
This should be kept in a secure place separate from the print. The Certificate is valuable and is an integral part of your fine art investment. Should you decide to sell your investment, it will be important.

 



 
 

Pricing

 

 

The following prices are guides only and include all toning and other post-processing treatments.

Prices of limited edition prints will rise in tiers.

Variation in price may occur between prints and with format and in some cases with specialised discontinued paper availability.

Shipping is not included.

Mounting and overmatting is available on request.

Please contact me here with details of your interest.

 

  

Price guidelines
   Special Editions
  Open Edition
  Limited Editions
  (when available)

  Number

As announcedOpen25
  Paper Size

As announced
Typically 10x8" 
16x12" & 20x16"16x12" & 20x16"
  Image Size
  (varies with format)
 
As announced
Typically 8x6"
Typically 13.5x10" & 16.5x12.5"Typically 13.5x10" & 16.5x12.5"
  Toning

Included **Included **Included **
  Price Guide
As announced
Typically £200 - £300, rising in tiers
 
B&W' * £450 - £550
Lith       £500 - £600
'B&W' * £550 - £650
Lith       £650+

* 'B&W' includes prints toned for colour.

** Some lith prints are untoned for reasons of colour and are treated with Sistan for enhanced archival permanence, in lieu of toning.